Social Citations, Academic Journal Search Engines, Social Software IV

Μια λειτουργία του web 2.0 είναι το social cataloging.

A social cataloging application is a web application that allows users to catalog items (ie., books, CDs, etc.) owned or otherwise of interest to them. Once cataloged, such applications generally allow users to share their catalogs with others, and interact with others based upon shared items.

Η λειτουργία αυτή είναι ιδιαίτερη χρήσιμη όταν τα πράγματα που καταγράφουμε αποτελούνε αναφορές ακαδημαϊκών εγγράφων και εργασιών. Μια λίστα τέτοιου τύπου Reference Management Software βρίσκεται εδώ.

Τέτοιες on line υπηρεσίες είναι τα CiteULike, Connotea, BibSonomy.

CiteULike is a free service to help academics to share, store, and organise the academic papers they are reading. When you see a paper on the web that interests you, you can click one button and have it added to your personal library. CiteULike automatically extracts the citation details, so there’s no need to type them in yourself. It all works from within your web browser. There’s no need to install any special software.
Because your library is stored on the server, you can access it from any computer. You can share your library with others, and find out who is reading the same papers as you. In turn, this can help you discover literature which is relevant to your field but you may not have known about.

Connotea is a free online reference management service for scientists, researchers, and clinicians, created in December 2004 by Nature Publishing Group.
Connotea is aimed primarily at scientists (though the user community is rapidly growing throughout academic disciplines), and while users may bookmark any webpage they choose, it incorporates special functionality for certain academic resources. Connotea recognises a number of scientific websites and will automatically collect metadata for the article or page being bookmarked, including author and publication names. It is also possible to add non-recognised webpages, by manually entering information. An alternative method of adding an article is to retrieve the Connotea form and add the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) for the article. Information about the material should then be retrieved automatically using CrossRef, the official DOI registration point. This function means that it is possible to quickly retrieve the reference for a print article that has an electronic counterpart with a DOI.
One of the most useful features of Connotea is the capacity to export the references in RIS format to a citation manager program. This means that it is possible to save references when working on a computer without such bibliographic software installed and import them into this software for citing at later stage.

BibSonomy is a social bookmarking and publication sharing system. The system aims to integrate the features of bookmarking systems as well as team-oriented publication management. BibSonomy offers users to store and organize their bookmarks and publication entries and supports the integration of different communities and people by offering a social platform for literature exchange.
Publication posts in BibSonomy are stored in the BibTeX format. However, export in other formats such as EndNote or HTML (e. g. for publication list creation) is possible.

Αξίζουν να αναφερθούν και οι μηχανές αναζήτησης για academic journals. Λίστα τέτοιων academic databases and search engines εδώ. Στο χώρο της υγείας τέτοιες μηχανές αναζήτησης είναι οι

PubMed (free index to free and subscription articles)
HubMed (free alternative interface to PubMed)
KMLE Medical Dictionary (free access to multiple medical dictionaries, drug reference, and pubmed)

Τέλος να αναφέρω το WebCite, το οποίο είναι μια υπηρεσία web archiving.

Web archiving is the process of collecting the Web or particular portions of the Web and ensuring the collection is preserved in an archive, such as an archive site, for future researchers, historians, and the public. Due to the massive size of the Web, web archivists typically employ web crawlers for automated collection. The largest web archiving organization based on a crawling approach is the Internet Archive which strives to maintain an archive of the entire Web. National libraries, national archives and various consortia of organizations are also involved in archiving culturally important Web content.

To WebCite λοιπόν είναι μια τέτοια υπηρεσία εξειδικευμένη για ακαδημαϊκού είδους web archiving.

WebCite is a free non-profit tool supported by a consortium of publishers and editors, designed for scholarly authors to cite webpages which have previously been archived by WebCite, thereby preventing linkrot. The purpose of the tool is to allow future readers to retrieve what had been cited by the author in the past, which is especially important in the academic context.
Rather than relying on a crawler which archives pages in a “random” fashion (as the Internet Archive does), WebCite users who want to cite webpages in a scholarly article can initiate the archiving process. They then cite—instead of or in addition to the original URL—a WebCite address, with a specific identifier which identifies the snapshot of the page they meant to cite.
Archived are all types of web content including HTML web pages, PDF files, style sheets, JavaScript, and images. WebCite also archives metadata about the collected resources such as access time, MIME type, and content length. This metadata is useful in establishing authenticity and provenance of the archived collection.




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